The Android platform offers a spelling checker framework that lets you implement and access spell checking in your application. The framework is one of the Text Service APIs offered by the Android platform.
To use the framework in your app, you create a special type of Android service that generates a spelling checker session object. Based on text you provide, the session object returns spelling suggestions generated by the spelling checker.
Spell Checker Lifecycle
The following diagram shows the lifecycle of the spelling checker service:
To initiate spell checking, your app starts its implementation of the spelling checker service. Clients in your app, such as activities or individual UI elements, request a spelling checker session from the service, then use the session to get suggestions for text. As a client terminates its operation, it closes its spelling checker session. If necessary, your app can shut down the spelling checker service at any time.
Implementing a Spell Checker Service
To use the spelling checker framework in your app, add a spelling checker service component including the session object definition. You can also add to your app an optional activity that controls settings. You must also add an XML metadata file that describes the spelling checker service, and add the appropriate elements to your manifest file.
Spell checker classes
Define the service and session object with the following classes:
A subclass of
SpellCheckerServiceimplements both the
Serviceclass and the spelling checker framework interface. Within your subclass, you must implement the following method:
A factory method that returns a
SpellCheckerService.Sessionobject to a client that wants to do spell checking.
See the Spell Checker Service sample app to learn more about implementing this class.
An implementation of
An object that the spelling checker service provides to clients, to let them pass text to
the spelling checker and receive suggestions. Within this class, you must implement the
Called by the system in response to
createSession(). In this method, you can initialize the
SpellCheckerService.Sessionobject based on the current locale and so forth.
Does the actual spell checking. This method returns an array of
SentenceSuggestionsInfocontaining suggestions for the sentences passed to it.
Optionally, you can implement
onCancel(), which handles requests to cancel spell checking,
onGetSuggestions(), which handles a word suggestion request, or
onGetSuggestionsMultiple(), which handles batches of word suggestion requests.
See the Spell Checker Client sample app to learn more about implementing this class.
Note: You must implement all aspects of spell checking as asynchronous and
thread-safe. A spelling checker may be called simultaneously by different threads running on
different cores. The
SpellCheckerService.Session take care of this
Spell checker manifest and metadata
In addition to code, you need to provide the appropriate manifest file and a metadata file for the spelling checker.
The manifest file defines the application, the service, and the activity for controlling settings, as shown in the following snippet:
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" package="com.example.android.samplespellcheckerservice" > <application android:label="@string/app_name" > <service android:label="@string/app_name" android:name=".SampleSpellCheckerService" android:permission="android.permission.BIND_TEXT_SERVICE" > <intent-filter > <action android:name="android.service.textservice.SpellCheckerService" /> </intent-filter> <meta-data android:name="android.view.textservice.scs" android:resource="@xml/spellchecker" /> </service> <activity android:label="@string/sample_settings" android:name="SpellCheckerSettingsActivity" > <intent-filter > <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" /> </intent-filter> </activity> </application> </manifest>
Notice that components that want to use the service must request the permission
BIND_TEXT_SERVICE to ensure that only the system binds to
the service. The service's definition also specifies the
file, which is described in the next section.
The metadata file
spellchecker.xml contains the following XML:
<spell-checker xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:label="@string/spellchecker_name" android:settingsActivity="com.example.SpellCheckerSettingsActivity"> <subtype android:label="@string/subtype_generic" android:subtypeLocale="en” /> <subtype android:label="@string/subtype_generic" android:subtypeLocale="fr” /> </spell-checker>
The metadata specifies the activity that the spelling checker uses for controlling settings. It also defines subtypes for the spelling checker; in this case, the subtypes define locales that the spelling checker can handle.
Accessing the Spell Checker Service from a Client
However, you may want to interact directly with a spelling checker service in other cases as well. The following diagram shows the flow of control for interacting with a spelling checker service:
The Spell Checker Client sample app shows how to interact with a spelling checker service. The LatinIME input method editor in the Android开源工程 also contains an example of spell checking.